BEDBUGS

Description

Other names for Bed Bugs include red coats, chinches, or mahogany flats. Bed Bug’s scientific name is Cimex lectularius Linnaeus. Bed Bugs are blood feeding parasites of humans and other mammals.

Bed Bugs are suspected to be carrying leprosy, oriental sore, Q-fever, etc but there has not been any proven cases of disease transfer to humans.

However, for over a decade there has been a resurgence in their infestations as reported to Pest Control Operators.

The adult Bed Bug is mostly flat and a bit oval shaped insect with no easily noticeable wings. Prior to feeding, Bed Bugs look more brown in color than after consuming a meal on human blood.

Two Bed Bugs besides a 10 ¢ coin:
Larger one likely a male and smaller one a female.

2 bed Bugs near a 10 ¢ coin

CLICK IMAGE FOR FULL RESOLUTION.

After ingesting a blood meal Bed Bugs become enlarged in their height. They look like puffed up. Their height and width does not change rather they become a bit fatter in their height. Adult Bed Bug length ranges from 6 to 9.5 mm.

BED BUG

Nests

Throughout Human dwellings, Bed Bugs are found where we rest or sleep. Being a parasite, Bed Bugs need a source of blood meal first and foremost. Then they would search for shelter nearby the host. In our homes, Bed Bugs are not evenly distributed but rather you would find them in cracks, slits, gaps, holes and crevices in our beds and sofas. Also, areas very near our beds and couches offering similar features of nesting would become a likely spot to nest in. Wall paper, curtains, carpeting, flooring, and baseboards near our beds and couches are also a likely consideration.

While Bed Bugs prefer to feed during the night but when stressed by hunger or an extended loss of a host, they will look for a host and try feed during the day as well.

Below is a Scene from a Bed Frame – A Ledge where box spring rests.
A finger is pointing at Many Adult Bed Bugs, White Shiny Eggs and Unabsorbed extruding black excrements.
This is an excellent example of a well established Bed Bug nest that might be a few months into the making.

A Bed Bug Nest on a ledge where the box spring would rest.

CLICK IMAGE FOR FULL RESOLUTION.

Bed Bugs can be transported on a person’s clothing or luggage. Bed Bugs do not have much clinging capability so they can not stick themselves to the hair, skin or fur of a mammal.

Bed Bug Nests

Bed Bugs are not social insects and hence do not make nests like ants, wasps or bees.
It’s only the concentration or density of their presence, along with the eggs, skin sheds, and excrements that indicates the scope of a Bed Bug nest.

Life Cycle

The female Bed Bug has the capacity to lays approximately 200 eggs during her life span at a rate of one to 12 eggs per day. The eggs are laid near the nesting areas. The eggs are cemented with a transparent fluid to these surfaces. In about 6 – 17 days Bed Bug nymphs emerge from these white shiny eggs. These nymphs look almost transparent as they do not have much color. Each Bed Bug passes through five molts to finally become an adult, which takes about 10 weeks. During each molt process, Bed Bug would shed their skin. These skin sheds are also a tell tale sign of their presence.

Please select one of the Tabs below:

Since Bed Bugs are extremely shy, sneaky and wary and feed during the night, it becomes harder to notice their presence. If the host’s skin reacts heavily to the substance injected by Bed Bugs during their feeding, then the person is likely to get alarmed and search for the cause. On the other hand a few people have no reaction on their skin to a Bed Bugs’ taking a blood meal from them. It becomes harder for such people to become aware of the problem at it’s early stage.
The foremost sign of Bed Bug presence is their Black feces or excrements. These may appear as extruded black dots on surfaces where this substance is not absorbed such as on wood. On the other hand these, initially, fluid excrements would burst into fabric fibers and would not be extruded on materials such as sheets, etc.
Bed Bugs excrements are often found near points of entry and exit to their hiding places such as holes and slits. On mattress tufts and seams we are likely to see and reddish brown spots indicating a Bed Bug was crushed there.

Insecticide Heat
The insecticides are applied to key areas where Bed Bugs may hide and nest. That covers all basis for current pest and repels future infestations. Bed Bug Extermination using Heat involves heating almost the entire structure to almost 115 degrees Fahrenheit for extended period of time.
It is easily verifiable as to where the treatment has been applied and if some areas have been missed. It can not be determined after the fact if heat treatment had reached to a certain part of the structure or not.
The insecticide and it’s residual effectiveness lasts for several months resulting in Elimination of even any new arrivals of Bed Bugs. The Effectiveness is immediately withdrawn when the treatment process is stopped and heat equipment removed.
Application is NOT General in Nature i.e. application is only targeted areas and surfaces Application is GENERAL and affects most articles regardless of the need
Preparation for client is selective and limited to areas under and near the bed and couches Preparation for the treatment requires a lot more from the client in terms of removing heat sensitive items or heat proofing them in several ways
Insecticide application is more affordable. Many Times MORE EXPENSIVE.
What is the value of using Bed Bug proof coverings for my mattress and box spring ?

The Box Spring and mattress covers come in different make and models with varying characteristics. Some are hypo allergenic and others are not. Point is simple, these coverings reduce the number of typical points on a mattress or box spring where the bed bugs can hide and nest!

While these covering would prevent Bed Bugs from nesting in mattresses and box spring, but not against the threats of nesting in the bed frame, nearby baseboards or night tables, etc.

Hence, we recommend their use as a complementary mechanism to our services if client so chooses. We do not require their use.

How useful is it to apply steam to my bed components to get rid of Bed Bugs ?

The effectiveness of using steam cleaners or hot water to clean mattresses is questionable. If you could apply steam directly to Bed Bugs and their eggs, the heat would definitely kill them. But the problem is that most of Bed Bugs and their eggs are in crevices, slits, holes and gaps in our bed frames. Heat would be immediately absorbed by the mattress and would cause other issues such as dust mites, etc. While Blankets, Comforters and Pillows are at lower risk of harboring Bed Bugs, these items can be sanitized following manufacturer guidelines.

Check our Reviews for Bed Bug Extermination!

Our clients are happy that they were taken care of by our licensed exterminators that are passionate about solving problem the first time!
OUR REVIEWS