FLEA EXTERMINATION SERVICE AT IT’S
The cat flea is the most common species of flea known to affect cats, dogs and humans. The very small, dark, wingless insect uses its sharp piercing-sucking mouth part to take blood from its host – preferably a cat. This predator hides in the fur of animals, but makes use of its long legs to jump to other hosts. Hungry fleas will attack humans in the absence of the pet. Fleas can carry and transmit various allergies and disease. These can be passed to humans and other animals when the fleas bite.
Humans will usually experience two or three bites on the ankles and lower part of the legs by each flea. Each bite produces a small, hard, red spot with a noticeable puncture wound. In late summer when the temperature and humidity rise, flea populations usually reach their peak. These conditions are necessary for adult development. Fleas which bite rodents pose a real threat if they later bite humans and transmit diseases picked up from the rodents.
Fleas seem to be attracted to some people more than others. One reason for this selective attraction could be that not everyone has the same chemical makeup. Skin secretions and gas emissions such as carbon dioxide vary among individuals. Also, some people are allergic to the saliva secreted by fleas.
A person with a moderate or severe allergic reaction would notice more bites than a person who is not allergic. The discomfort caused by flea bites can be reduced by applying an ice cube to the bite, or using menthol, camphor or calamine lotion.
The cycle of the flea consists of egg, larva, pupa and adult life stages. Although the female flea only mates once, several hundred eggs can be laid in a six month period. The very tiny, white eggs are deposited singly on the skin or fur of the host after the female has had a blood meal. The loosely laid eggs can easily fall from the host onto areas visited by the pet including bedding, resting areas or carpets and flooring. The egg, which is round and sticky, develops into a larva in approximately nine days.
The larva, which resembles a small hairy worm, then pupates. The pupa stage is a resting stage where the legless larva becomes an adult in one to three weeks. Depending on the surrounding environmental conditions, it could take anywhere from one to seven months for the life cycle to be completed. When the adults emerge, they are very hungry and aggressive.