Ticks belong to a group of animals known as arachnids, which also includes spiders, mites and scorpions. Ticks are often mistakenly referred to as insects, but can be readily distinguished from them. Adult insects have a three-segmented body, two antennae and six legs. Adult ticks have two-segmented body, no antennae and eight legs.


Ticks which are of importance to humans belong to the family Ixodidae. These ticks are known as “hard ticks” because both the males and females have a hard plate covering their backs. The plate covers the entire back of the male but only covers the anterior region of the female’s back. The posterior portion of the female’s back can become greatly expanded during feeding. Ticks are obligate parasites, which means that they must obtain a blood meal from a host in order to survive and reproduce. Female adults are usually 6 mm in length before feeding but may swell to 13 mm in length when fully engorged with blood. Although both males and females require blood meals, the female’s requirement is much greater because the nourishment is needed for egg production.

Habitat and Characteristics

Hard ticks feed on two or three hosts during their development because the larval, nymphal and adult stages each require nourishment in the form of a blood meal. Mated females lay thousands of eggs on the ground. The eggs hatch into a larvae which only have 6 legs. These larvae remain close to the emergence site and climb up on grass and low vegetation so they may attach themselves to small animals which pass by. After feeding for 2 to 9 days on their hosts, the larvae drop to the ground, digest the blood and then moult to the 8-legged nymphal stage. The nymphs attach themselves to second hosts. After feeding on these hosts, the nymphs moult to the 8-legged adult stage. Other species are nest-associates and remain within a nest or burrow. Ticks can overwinter as eggs, larvae, nymphs or as adults depending on the species. Ticks are adapted for prolonged periods of starvation. The entire life cycle may require 3 years to complete. After an adult female attaches itself to a host, it often takes up to a week to complete its feeding. Once the female has become engorged, it drops to the ground, mates and lays its eggs. Mating can also take place on the host before or during feeding. Adult males die after completing fertilization. Female adults die after egg-laying is complete.

Common Ticks

The Tick Bite’s Effects

Tick bites usually cause irritation of the skin and swelling only. However, if some of the tick’s mouth-parts remain in the skin, the wound usually becomes infected. Occasionally, an infection may become severe enough that it may lead to blood poisoning. Tick bites on humans usually occur one at a time. Livestock and wild animals, however, may be infested with many ticks at once. Feeding by large numbers of ticks can lead to anemia, unthriftiness or emaciation. Some animals become weakened and die.

Diseases that are transmitted by Ticks to Humans

A small percentage of the members of tick populations carry diseases. The diseases are transferred from host to host by the blood-feeding activity of the ticks. The following tick-borne diseases have been reported to occur in Canada: Rocky Mountain spotted fever The American dog tick can transmit Rocky Mountain spotted fever, a rickettsial disease (Rickettsia rickettsii), to humans in central and eastern North America. The initial symptoms of this disease, which can occur anytime from 2-14 days after the tick bite, are headaches, intense aching in the lumbar region and marked malaise. A rash appears on the wrists and ankles and then spreads to other parts of the body. A fever of 40 °C may occur in cases that are more pathogenic. If symptoms occur, one should see a physician.

Prevention from Ticks

  • Avoid tick infested areas if possible.
  • Wear protective clothing (e.g.. secure trouser cuffs inside boots and leggings to prevent ticks from gaining access to legs).
  • Check your body thoroughly for ticks as well inspect your pets before they enter the house.
    If ticks are found embedded in the skin, try to remove them with care using small tweezers. Grab the tick with the tweezers near the mouth parts that entered the skin. Hold firmly. Gently tug them a few times until the tick relinquished its hold. Try not to kill the tick before it has been removed. Treat the bite wound with antiseptic to avoid infection, and save the tick in a jar labeled with the date and location, in case complications arise.
  • An insect repellent containing DEET sprayed on the clothes is also effective at repelling ticks.

Dog Tick Extermination Technique and its Advantages:

We utilize the most effective insecticide Spray treatments available from industry leading pesticides manufactures. These pesticide are highly effective and contain most powerful active ingredients. We employ the Spray method to Control, and Exterminate the Dog Tick infestations.

Some of the Characteristics of the Spray method are:

  • It is the best option when there is no Bait available for a given Pest. A targeted application of Control Agents in selected areas of the structure is undertaken. In cases of high infestations, spraying upon the pests produces a spectacular knock down.
  • Areas that are targeted are the nesting and foraging activities areas of the Pest.
  • Dog Tick are affected by the insecticide active agent when they come into contact with the treated surfaces.
  • Dog Tick would be exterminated by getting the Active Ingredient into it’s biological system via contact. An affected pest may also prove to be a source of secondary poisoning for other members.
  • The Insecticide Spray method results in gradual, almost fool-proof and guaranteed removal of these pests.

Client’s Preparations for Insecticides Application:

  • Client is required to prepare areas to be treated with insecticide spray application.
  • Client is required to leave the property during the application and stay out for further 2 hours after the application.

Our exterminators will inspect the structure for points of vulnerabilities that may facilitate future infestations or conditions that may be helping the Dog Tick to flourish. It will be up to the property owner to act on the recommendations.

Specific Notes on Spray or Fog Application:

Spray may be Water-Based or of the Emulsion type. Even though it would not stain or damage surfaces, it may be noticeable as a thin film of light color. The film may also have oily characteristics. If it is found on any surfaces that are used by people or pets, then it should be cleaned away at the earliest. For further information, please, see our Pesticides and the MSDS page.

Expected Results and Outcome of the Treatment:

In about 3-5 weeks, all Dog Tick would have been eliminated having directly or indirectly been exposed to the insecticide sprayed. Gradually Dog Tick would simply cease to exist. It remains possible that some Dog Tick may expire near human living spaces.

At Quest Pest Management Inc., we have the highest success rate of complete elimination of Dog Tick with one treatment alone.

Prior to carrying out treatment for Dog Tick, we will do an inspection or survey of the property to determine the extent and scope of the infestation. In doing so, we will also obtain information from people present on site.